Monday, February 9, 2009

Scythe

A 20 year old African American male presents with severe acute onset chest pain without an identifiable trigger. It is accompanied by fever, swelling of his joints, nausea, and one episode of vomiting. He's had similar episodes in the past which did not prompt him to see health care; they lasted several days. His past medical history is significant for this as a child:
On exam, he is tachypneic and hypertensive. Laboratory results show a hematocrit of 22 with MCV 95, an unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia, elevated serum LDH, and low serum haptoglobin. An EKG is normal sinus rhythm.

Challenge: What do you expect on peripheral blood smear?

Image shown under fair use.

4 comments:

deardoc said...

sickled red blood cells

Alex said...

Sickle

shabnam said...

seems like sickle cell disease...
PS findings consistent with SCD are presence of sickle cells(scythe shaped RBC'S) and also some target cells(RBC's with central condensation,resembling bull's eye)

Craig Chen said...

Exactly!
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Scythe

This is sickle cell disease due to homozygous HbS, presenting with vaso-occlusive phenomena and hemolysis. The image shows dactylitis, often the first presenting symptom in a child. You would expect a peripheral blood smear to show sickle cells.

Sources: UpToDate; AccessMedicine.