I put together these medical challenges. The cases are hypothetical and do not necessarily represent actual or typical presentations of medical diseases. Disclaimer is at the bottom of this page.
Monday, March 19, 2012
This patient has had surgery for endometriosis in the past as well as a history of pelvic inflammatory disease. She presented, however, at 14 weeks gestation with abdominal and back pain as well as urinary retention, frequency, and the sensation of incomplete emptying. Symptoms started a few weeks prior, but resolved, and now have returned. She has no vaginal bleeding, discharge, or contractions. Pelvic exam shows anterior displacement of the cervix behind the symphysis pubis; the cervix cannot be visualized and the external os is not palpable. There is a large mass in the cul-de-sac and the uterus is difficult to palpate on bimanual exam. Ultrasound done at 16 weeks confirms the diagnosis and an intervention is planned.
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